Exploring the Unique Approaches of Waldorf, Montessori, and Charlotte Mason Homeschooling

Homeschooling has become a popular alternative to traditional classroom education in recent years. It has increasingly gained popularity among parents seeking to take a more hands-on approach to their child’s education. With the increasing number of families opting to educate their children at home, there has also been a rise in the number of homeschooling approaches available.

Among the various methods, Waldorf, Montessori and Charlotte Mason stand out for their unique approaches to learning. While all three share a focus on individualized education, they differ in their teaching philosophies and methods. To help parents understand the differences between these approaches, we’ve put together an informative guide outlining the key features of each. Whether you’re just starting your homeschooling journey or looking to switch things up, this guide is a must-read.

Waldorf, Montessori, and Charlotte Mason homeschooling approaches each have unique philosophies and methods. Waldorf emphasizes artistic expression, hands-on learning, and a connection to nature, while Montessori focuses on independence, self-directed learning, and sensory experiences. Charlotte Mason homeschooling emphasizes the value of literature, nature study, and forming good habits through daily routines.

All three methods emphasize the child’s overall development and incorporate hands-on learning experiences. They encourage children to learn at their own pace and promote learning through practical activities rather than lecture-style teaching. There is also an emphasis on the use of natural materials, such as books, and incorporating nature into the learning experience.

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Each of these approaches has distinct advantages and challenges, making it important for parents to carefully consider which method would be the best fit for their child and family. By exploring the unique approaches of Waldorf, Montessori, and Charlotte Mason homeschooling, parents can gain a better understanding of each philosophy and choose the best method for their child’s education.

We will delve deeper into each of these homeschooling approaches, examining their histories, key principles, and how they are implemented in the homeschooling setting. We will also highlight the benefits and limitations of each approach, as well as provide tips for parents who are interested in incorporating aspects of these methods into their own homeschooling curriculum.

Whether you are new to homeschooling or have been doing it for years, learning about these unique approaches can help you find the right path for your homeschooling journey. Join us as we explore the world of Waldorf, Montessori, and Charlotte Mason homeschooling, and discover the amazing possibilities that each approach provides.

A Brief History of the Montessori Method and key principles

Montessori education is a unique approach to teaching that emphasizes personal initiative and creative thinking. Developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, this educational method has been widely adopted around the world.

Dr. Montessori was the first woman in Italy to earn a medical degree, and she developed her educational philosophy while working as a doctor with children who had intellectual disabilities. She believed that these children could learn and thrive if given the right environment and tools.

In 1907, Dr. Montessori opened her first school in Rome, Italy, where she put her theories to the test. She observed that children learned best when they were allowed to explore their environment on their own. She designed materials that were specifically tailored to the needs of each child, and her classrooms were arranged to encourage independent study.

Dr. Montessori’s approach gained popularity quickly, and by the 1920s, there were dozens of schools following her methods throughout Europe and the United States. In 1929, she established the Association Montessori Internationale to promote her educational philosophy and to help train teachers in her methods.

The popularity of Montessori education declined during World War II, but it rebounded in the 1960s as parents began to seek alternative approaches to traditional schooling. Today, there are more than 22,000 Montessori schools around the world, serving children from birth through high school.

Montessori education has proven to be a highly effective way of teaching academic and life skills, as well as helping children develop a sense of responsibility and independence. Dr. Montessori’s legacy continues to influence educators and parents today, and her methods are likely to remain relevant for generations to come.

“This is education, understood as a help to life; an education from birth, which feeds a peaceful revolution and unites all in a common aim, attracting them as to a single centre. Mothers, fathers, politicians: all must combine in their respect and help for this delicate work of formation, which the little child carries on in the depth of a profound psychological mystery, under the tutelage of an inner guide. This is the bright new hope for mankind. ”
Maria Montessori
The Absorbent Mind

Montessori education is a child-centered educational approach that emphasizes independence, respect for individuality, and hands-on learning experiences.

Here are some key principles of Montessori education:

Respect for the Child

In Montessori education, children are seen as unique individuals with their own strengths and weaknesses. Educators are encouraged to respect the child’s independence, intelligence, and creativity, and to provide a supportive environment where children can thrive.

Prepared Environment

Montessori classrooms are carefully prepared environments that encourage exploration, discovery, and learning. They are designed to be open, spacious, and filled with carefully selected materials that support the child’s natural curiosity and desire to learn.

Mixed-Age Groups

Montessori classrooms typically have mixed-age groups, with children ranging in age from three to six, six to nine, or nine to twelve years old. These mixed-age groups allow children to learn from each other, promote inclusion and respect, and enable children to work at their own pace.

Hands-On Learning

Montessori education emphasizes hands-on, experiential learning that engages the senses and promotes cognitive development. Children are encouraged to explore, experiment, and make discoveries on their own, rather than simply receiving information from the teacher.

Self-Directed Learning

In Montessori education, children are encouraged to take ownership of their own learning and to work at their own pace and level of ability. Educators serve as facilitators and guides, rather than dictating a strict curriculum or schedule. Children are empowered to make choices, take risks, and learn from their mistakes.

Developmental Stages

Montessori education is designed to be developmentally appropriate, with learning experiences and materials that support the child’s natural development and interests. Emphasis is placed on the “sensitive periods,” or windows of opportunity when children are most receptive to learning new skills and concepts.

Respect for the Environment

Montessori education promotes respect for the environment, with an emphasis on sustainability and environmental awareness. Children are taught to care for their surroundings and to understand their place in the larger ecosystem.

Montessori education is a holistic and child-centered approach to learning that emphasizes respect, self-directed learning, experiential learning, and prepared environments. By providing children with the freedom to explore and discover, and by encouraging self-confidence, creativity, and responsibility, Montessori educators believe that children will develop a lifelong love of learning.

How the Montessori method can be implemented in the homeschooling setting

The Montessori method is a holistic learning system that focuses on the child’s natural curiosity and development. Many homeschoolers have also adopted this method as it aligns with their educational philosophy and goals.

Montessori homeschooling is a child-led approach to learning. It provides a unique opportunity for parents to tailor their child’s learning experience to their unique abilities, interests, and learning styles. It is essential to understand that Montessori homeschooling is not just about following a curriculum, but it is a lifestyle that encourages exploration, creativity, and independent thinking.

The first step in implementing the Montessori method in a homeschooling setting is to create a prepared learning environment. This environment is a carefully curated space that allows the child to explore, discover and learn. It should be designed to facilitate independent learning and motivate the child to engage in activities that are both meaningful and challenging. The prepared environment should include carefully chosen materials that promote sensory exploration, problem-solving, and logical thinking.

The Montessori approach emphasizes the importance of hands-on learning, and homeschoolers can ensure this by providing an array of manipulatives that target various areas of the curriculum. These manipulatives can include materials like beads, printables, blocks, and sensory bins. The manipulatives should be presented according to the child’s level of understanding and should be introduced when the child shows interest in a particular topic.

A crucial aspect of the Montessori method is the role of the parent in facilitating learning. Parents are responsible for guiding the child’s learning experience and providing positive reinforcement for positive behavior and achievements. They should also observe and take note of the child’s interests, competencies, and areas where support is needed.

Part of the Montessori approach is allowing the child to develop at their own pace and recognizing that each child has individual learning preferences. This approach requires patience and flexibility from the parent. Parents need to be prepared to adjust their teaching style to meet the child’s needs and provide resources that help the child achieve their learning objectives.

The Montessori method can be a great option for homeschooling families. It provides the opportunity to customize the educational experience while focusing on the child’s development and needs. Implementing Montessori education in the homeschooling setting requires a prepared learning environment, hands-on learning opportunities, parental involvement, and individualized and flexible teaching approaches. When done correctly, it can provide a rich and rewarding learning experience for both parents and children.

Hands-On Montessori Homeschool Activities For A 5-Year Old

Here is a possible guide to a daily routine for a Montessori homeschool for a 3 – 6 year-old child:


  • Wake up and prepare for the day
  • Eat breakfast and help clean up
  • Pick out clothes and dress independently
  • Brush teeth and wash hands
  • Begin the day with a morning circle time or singing activity


  • Work on language development through spoken language, phonetic sounds, and picture/word matching activities
  • Engage in mathematics activities such as counting, sorting, and matching
  • Participate in sensorial activities that focus on the senses, such as taste, touch, sound, sight, and smell
  • Explore cultural subjects such as geography, science, and history with hands-on activities and books


  • Prepare a snack and enjoy a healthy snack together

Art/Craft time:

  • Engage in art projects such as drawing, painting, or collage-making
  • Work on fine motor skills through activities such as cutting, pasting, or lacing cards

Movement/chore time:

  • Get some exercise by playing outside or practicing stretching
  • Participate in household chores such as dusting or sweeping


  • Take a lunch break and have a nutritious meal

Quiet/Rest time:

  • Take some quiet time to read books, listen to music or nap


  • Finish up any academic work or continue with cultural or arts activities


  • Spend time with family
  • Take a bath and get ready for bed
  • Read a book or have a storytime with the family
  • Go to sleep for a good night’s rest

Note: A Montessori homeschool routine is flexible and may change according to the child’s interests, activities, and age. Therefore, the above-listed activities are just the typical schedule followed in a Montessori homeschool for a 3-6-year-old child.

benefits and Limitations of the Montessori Method for homeschoolers

Benefits of the Montessori method for homeschoolers:

Child-centered approach: The Montessori method emphasizes on the unique needs and interests of each child, so parents can tailor their homeschooling program according to their child’s strengths and weaknesses.

Hands-on learning: This method encourages children to learn through experiences, allowing them to engage in hands-on activities to develop their skills.

Self-learning: The Montessori method focuses on promoting independent thinking and self-directed learning, which can help children develop a sense of responsibility for their own education.

Multi-age classrooms: This method typically involves multi-age classrooms, which allows kids to learn and grow at their own pace and collaborate with peers of various ages.

Holistic development: The Montessori method aims to develop the whole child, including their social, emotional, and intellectual development.

Limitations of the Montessori method for homeschoolers:

High parent involvement: This method requires active participation from parents, who need to be willing to invest time and effort to facilitate their child’s learning.

Lack of materials: The materials used in Montessori classrooms can be expensive and difficult to find, which may limit the ability of homeschooling parents to fully implement this method.

Limited social interaction: Homeschooling can be a solitary experience, and the Montessori method may not provide enough opportunities for children to interact with peers or develop their social skills.

Limited curriculum: The Montessori method focuses on a specific set of skills and may not cover all topics traditionally taught in schools.

Challenging to implement: The Montessori method requires a significant amount of planning and organization, which may be challenging for parents new to homeschooling or those with multiple children of different ages.

tips for parents who are interested in incorporating aspects of the Montessori Method into their own homeschooling curriculum

  • Create a child-centered learning environment: It’s important to create a warm, welcoming and child-friendly environment at home that is conducive to learning. Arrange the space in such a way that children are able to move around freely and access all the materials they need.
  • Encourage independence: The Montessori Method promotes independence and self-reliance. Encourage your child to do things on their own as much as possible. This may include dressing themselves, preparing their own meals, and completing chores around the house.
  • Follow the child’s interests: Allow the child to lead their own learning by following their interests. Provide hands-on experiences and materials that allow them to explore their interests further.
  • Provide concrete experiences: Montessori education focuses on providing plenty of concrete, hands-on experiences. Choose materials and activities that encourage children to work with their hands, explore the world around them, and engage all of their senses.
  • Teach life skills: Montessori education emphasizes practical life skills that children can use throughout their lives. Incorporate lessons on cooking, cleaning, and other practical skills into your homeschooling curriculum.
  • Foster a love of nature: Children in Montessori schools spend a lot of time outdoors exploring nature. You can incorporate this into your own homeschooling curriculum by providing opportunities for nature walks, gardening, and other outdoor activities.
  • Encourage collaboration and cooperation: Montessori education emphasizes collaboration and cooperation between students. Encourage your child to work with others on projects and activities while homeschooling.
  • Emphasize reflective learning: Montessori education emphasizes learning through reflection and self-evaluation. Encourage your child to think about what they’ve learned, evaluate their own progress, and set goals for the future.

A Brief History of Waldorf education

Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is an approach to education that focuses on the holistic development of students and is based on the teachings of Austrian philosopher, Rudolf Steiner.

The Waldorf education movement began in 1919 when Steiner was asked to establish a school for the children of the employees of the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory in Stuttgart, Germany. Steiner’s philosophy was based on the belief that education should focus on the whole child, including their physical, emotional, and spiritual needs.

Waldorf education places a strong emphasis on art, music, and creativity, and seeks to foster a love of learning in students. The curriculum is also designed to be developmentally appropriate for each age group, with an emphasis on hands-on, experiential learning rather than rote memorization.

Over the years, Waldorf education has spread around the world and there are now over 1,000 Waldorf schools and hundreds of Waldorf-inspired programs in over 60 countries.

Despite its popularity, Waldorf education has also been the subject of controversy. Critics have accused the movement of being cult-like and lacking in scientific evidence to support its methods.

Nevertheless, Waldorf education remains a popular choice for many parents who seek a holistic and creative approach to their children’s education. Its rich history, focus on whole-child development, and unique approach to learning continues to attract families seeking alternative educational options.

Our highest endeavor must be to develop free human beings who are able of themselves to impart purpose and direction to their lives. The need for imagination, a sense of truth, and a feeling of responsibility—these three forces are the very nerve of education.

― Rudolf Steiner

Waldorf education is an education system that emphasizes the importance of creative thinking and experiential learning.

Here are some of the key principles of Waldorf education:

Holistic approach

Waldorf education emphasizes a holistic approach to learning, addressing the needs of the whole child – physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual.

Imagination and creativity

Imagination and creativity are seen as key components of learning. Students are encouraged to use their imagination and creativity in all subjects.

Age-appropriate learning

Waldorf education emphasizes the importance of age-appropriate learning. Teachers try to match the curriculum to the developmental stage of the children.

Integrated curriculum

The curriculum is integrated across different subjects. For example, literature, history and geography might be taught as a unified story.

Main lesson

The main lesson is a central component of Waldorf education. It is a two-hour period at the beginning of the day when the teacher focuses on one subject for a block of weeks.

Artistic expression

Artistic expression is seen as important in Waldorf education. Students engage in artistic activities such as painting, drawing, music, drama, and handwork.

No textbooks

Waldorf education avoids textbooks and instead encourages students to work with the teacher and other students to build their knowledge.

Limiting technology

Waldorf education limits the use of technology in the classroom. Young children are encouraged to be physically active and to use their imagination, rather than relying on screens.

Relationship building

Strong relationships are seen as key to successful learning. Teachers work to establish a strong connection with each student, fostering a sense of belonging and trust.

A focus on service

Waldorf education emphasizes the importance of service to others. Students are encouraged to engage in community service and to work towards making the world a better place.

Waldorf education emphasizes holistic, creative, and age-appropriate learning that integrates different subjects across the curriculum. It prioritizes strong relationships between teachers and students and a focus on service to others. Through these principles, Waldorf education aims to develop well-rounded individuals who are able to contribute positively to society.

How the Waldorf method can be implemented in the homeschooling setting

In recent years, the Waldorf Method has become increasingly popular among homeschooling families, who are drawn to its unique approach to education.

Implementing the Waldorf Method in a home setting requires careful planning and research. Unlike traditional homeschool curricula, the Waldorf Method emphasizes the use of natural materials, hands-on learning, and a focus on the arts. The method also places a strong emphasis on creating a nurturing and home-like environment for children.

One of the key components of the Waldorf Method is the use of stories and fairy tales as a way to develop a child’s imagination and listening skills. In a homeschool setting, parents can read stories to their children, allowing them to explore the world and engage in imaginative play. Storytelling can be supplemented with art activities such as drawing, painting, and sculpting, which allow children to express their creativity.

Another important aspect of the Waldorf Method is the use of natural materials in the learning environment. Homeschooling parents who follow this method often use natural wood, cotton, and wool materials for their homeschooling supplies, such as pencils, paper, and clothing. This helps children connect with the natural world and develops their aesthetic appreciation.

A crucial part of the Waldorf Method is the integration of movement into the daily learning routine. In a homeschool setting, this can be achieved through activities such as dance or even outdoor activities. Movement is believed to help improve the health and well-being of children while also enhancing cognitive function.

The Waldorf Method also incorporates a strong emphasis on community learning. Homeschooling parents who follow this approach often organize group activities or co-ops where their children can interact with other children from similar backgrounds. This collaborative learning approach fosters empathy, creativity, and problem-solving skills while also enhancing socialization.

The Waldorf Method offers a unique and holistic approach to education that homeschooling families find appealing. By incorporating storytelling, natural materials, movement, and community learning, parents can provide their children with a well-rounded education that stimulates the mind, body, and spirit.

Here is a possible guide to a daily routine for a Waldorf homeschool for a 3 – 6 year-old child:

Morning Circle

This is where the day begins with songs, poems, fingerplays, or rhythmic movements. The focus is on building a sense of community and connection with each other and with the world.

Artistic Activities

Drawing with beeswax crayons, painting, or crafting with natural materials like wood, wool, and felt are typical artistic activities. These activities encourage imagination and creativity in your child, and often incorporate natural products.

Outdoor Play

Waldorf schools believe that outdoor play is an essential element to childhood development- this allows for unstructured play and nature exploration to happen. Additionally, it provides ample opportunity for sensory development, gross motor skills, and imaginative play.

Snack Time

Children come together to have nutritious snack and also learn to help with snack preparation and clean-up, furthering the idea of community involvement and purposeful activities.

Storytelling, Singing and Movement

Many Waldorf curriculums focus on oral storytelling and acting out stories through movement. This helps build literacy skills and an appreciation for the arts. Children may also sing songs or participate in simple plays.


Much like snack time, this is another opportunity for communal meal preparation and clean-up.

Quiet Time or Rest

Typically seen as the naptime for younger children, this time can be used for inner reflection or rest. This also prepares the children for the latter half of their day.

Fine Motor Skill Play

This may be with clay, cutting, or threading beads. Here the child’s focus may be on the dexterity of their fingers and hands.

Curriculum-Based Activity

Each day has a different activity or subject. Animal or plant studies, math skills and other holistic approaches allow the child’s curiosity to grow.

Goodbye Circle

This is where the day comes to a close with songs, poems or stories before the parents/guardians take them home.

It’s important to keep in mind that this is a general idea of a daily routine– each homeschool may modify the schedule as per their individual needs and their local restrictions.

benefits and limitations of the Waldorf Method for homeschoolers


Emphasis on nature: Waldorf education has a strong focus on nature appreciation, ecological awareness, and sustainability. It encourages kids to learn through outdoor experiences, gardening, and animal care.

Holistic approach: The Waldorf method aims to develop students’ emotional, spiritual, and intellectual capacities through artistic, practical, and academic activities. This approach helps children develop a well-rounded personality and a love for learning.

Love for art and music: Waldorf education places strong emphasis on art, music, and creative expression. Children are taught to value artistic expression as a fundamental aspect of human experience and are encouraged to engage in a variety of artistic activities such as drawing, painting, sculpture, music, and drama.

Child-centered education: The Waldorf approach is centered around the individual needs and interests of each child. Homeschooling parents can tailor their teaching methods to meet the specific needs and personalities of their children.


Heavy reliance on parent involvement: The Waldorf method requires a lot of parental involvement and participation. Parents need to be well-informed about the curriculum, methods, and philosophy of the Waldorf approach to be able to apply it effectively.

Limited use of technology: Waldorf education places little emphasis on technology and abstains from the use of computers and electronic media in the early years. While this approach is commendable, it may have significant drawbacks for students who need to learn computer skills and stay up-to-date with technological advancements.

Subjectivity: Some critics of the Waldorf approach argue that it is too subjective and lacks the depth and rigor of academic programs. They believe that the homeschooling parent may not have the necessary skills to teach certain subjects effectively, such as higher math or science.

Religious or spiritual bias: The Waldorf method has a strong spiritual and anthroposophical underpinning that may not appeal to all homeschooling families. Parents who do not agree with Waldorf’s esoteric approach may find it unsuitable for their children.

tips for parents who are interested in incorporating aspects of the Waldorf Method into their own homeschooling curriculum

Here are a few tips for parents who are interested in incorporating aspects of the Waldorf Method into their homeschooling curriculum:

  • Develop a daily and weekly rhythm – Establishing a consistent routine can help children feel secure and prepare them to learn. Plan your days with a balance of activities that are calming, active, and creative.
  • Integrate art and nature – Waldorf education emphasizes the importance of art and nature in children’s development. Try to include regular opportunities for children to engage in creative activities like painting, drawing, or modeling with clay. Encourage outdoor play and exploration, and incorporate nature into your learning activities.
  • Focus on developmentally appropriate activities – The Waldorf Method emphasizes that children should learn at their own pace and in accordance with their developmental stage. So, make sure you’re offering activities that are suitable for your child’s age and abilities.
  • Limit screen time – The Waldorf Method discourages the use of electronic devices and screens in early childhood. Instead, focus on activities that promote hands-on learning, imaginative play, and social interactions.
  • Emphasize storytelling and oral language activities – Waldorf education values the art of storytelling and sees it as an important way to develop children’s imaginations and language skills. Plan regular opportunities for your child to listen to stories, tell stories, and engage in other oral language activities.
  • Create a warm and nurturing environment – Waldorf education emphasizes the importance of creating a nurturing and supportive environment for children. Make sure your home is warm, welcoming, and free from distractions that might interfere with learning.
  • Remember that less is more – In the Waldorf Method, simplicity is valued, and there’s an emphasis on avoiding overwhelming children with too much information or too many activities. A few well-chosen activities might be more effective than trying to do too much.

A brief history of Charlotte Mason education

Charlotte Mason education is a unique type of education philosophy that seeks to develop the whole person. It is based on the teachings of Charlotte Mason, a British educator who lived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Mason’s approach to education emphasized a focus on living ideas, rather than on rote memorization or formal training. She advocated for the use of living books, nature studies, and the development of good habits in educational practice.

The Charlotte Mason education philosophy was first developed in England in the late 1800s. It quickly became popular among educators who saw the benefits of this new approach to education. However, it wasn’t until the 1980s that the Charlotte Mason method gained popularity in the United States.

In the 1980s, educators in the United States began to take notice of the Charlotte Mason approach. They saw that this method provided an alternative to the traditional model of education that was prevalent at the time. As a result, many American parents started homeschooling their children using the Charlotte Mason method.

Today, the Charlotte Mason approach is still popular among homeschooling families. It continues to be seen as a valuable way to develop the whole child, emphasizing the development of character and a love of learning.

One reason why the Charlotte Mason method has stood the test of time is because of its focus on living ideas and the use of living books. This approach encourages children to connect with the material they are learning, and to view knowledge as a living, breathing thing that can be grasped and experienced.

Another core aspect of the Charlotte Mason approach is nature study. This involves spending time in nature, observing and interacting with the natural world. This approach emphasizes the importance of developing a love and appreciation for the environment and helps children to understand the interconnectedness of all things.

Finally, the Charlotte Mason method places a strong emphasis on developing good habits in children. This includes habits of attention, concentration, and obedience. By fostering these habits, children are better equipped to focus on their learning and to develop the self-discipline necessary to succeed in life.

The Charlotte Mason education philosophy is a holistic approach to education that seeks to develop the whole person. Its focus on living ideas, nature study, and good habits has made it a popular choice among homeschooling families in the United States and around the world. By emphasizing the development of character and a love of learning, the Charlotte Mason method provides an alternative to the traditional model of education that is both effective and enduring.

Our aim in education is to give a full life. We owe it to them to initiate an immense number of interests. Life should be all living, and not merely a tedious passing of time; not all doing or all feeling or all thinking – the strain would be too great – but, all living; that is to say, we should be in touch wherever we go, whatever we hear, whatever we see, with some manner of vital interest.

—Volume 3, p. 171 Charlotte Mason

Charlotte Mason education is a unique approach to educating children. It is based on a set of key principles that aim to provide a holistic education to children, focusing on both their intellectual and character development.

Here are some of the key principles of Charlotte Mason education:

Education is a living thing

Charlotte Mason believed that education is a living thing that should be nurtured and developed through nurturing relationships between teachers and students. She argued that education is not just about acquiring knowledge, but also about developing good habits, attitudes, and character.

The role of the teacher is to inspire and guide

Charlotte Mason believed that the role of the teacher is not to impart knowledge, but to inspire and guide students in their learning journey. She argued that teachers should act as facilitators, helping students to discover their interests and passions, and encouraging them to pursue their own paths of learning.

Education should be child-centered

Charlotte Mason believed that education should be child-centered, meaning that the focus of education should be on the needs and interests of the individual child, rather than on the requirements of a particular curriculum or standardized tests. She believed that children learn best when they are engaged, interested, and motivated.

Education should be a joyous experience

Charlotte Mason believed that education should be a joyous experience, one that is filled with wonder, curiosity, and enthusiasm. She argued that education should be inspiring, engaging, and enjoyable, not a task that students are forced to endure.

The importance of nature

Charlotte Mason believed that nature should be an integral part of every child’s education. She argued that spending time in nature is essential for the development of a child’s imagination, creativity, and curiosity. She believed that nature can teach children important lessons about life, science, and the world around them.

Respect for the child’s individuality

Charlotte Mason believed that each child is unique and should be respected for their individuality. She argued that children should be allowed to pursue their own interests, follow their own paths of learning, and develop at their own pace.

Charlotte Mason education is based on a set of key principles that aim to provide a holistic, child-centered approach to education. It emphasizes the importance of inspiring teachers, individualized learning, and a joyful, nature-filled environment. Ultimately, the goal of Charlotte Mason education is to help children develop into well-rounded individuals who are eager to learn, curious, and independent.

How the Charlotte Mason method can be implemented in the homeschooling setting

The Charlotte Mason method is a popular approach used in homeschooling that emphasizes a literature-rich curriculum and the development of good habits, critical thinking, and character formation. This method has gained popularity among homeschooling families due to its holistic approach to education, which nourishes the child’s mind, body, and soul.

Here’s how the Charlotte Mason method is implemented in the homeschooling setting:

Living Books

The Charlotte Mason method prioritizes the use of living books over textbooks. Living books are typically written by experts in their field, who make the subject matter come alive, and are geared towards students at different learning levels. These books aim to inspire imagination and curiosity, and provide children with an opportunity to learn from firsthand experiences.

Short Lessons

The Charlotte Mason method also emphasizes short lessons that are focused and purposeful. Lessons should be kept to 20 to 30 minutes and no longer. This is because young children have a limited attention span and need to move from one subject to another, which keeps them interested and engaged.


Narration in Charlotte Mason education refers to the process of retelling what has been learned or reading. This process helps the child improve his or her retention, comprehension, and communication skills. Instead of tests and quizzes, students who use this method are encouraged to tell what they have learned in their own words.

Nature Study

Charlotte Mason believed in the importance of children’s interaction with nature. Schools and families using this method provide regular opportunities for children to explore, learn from, and appreciate the natural world around them. This forms a significant part of their science curriculum.

Copywork and Dictation

The method also emphasizes the importance of copywork and dictation. Students are taught to copy a passage of text to improve readability and handwriting skills, while dictation focuses on spelling and grammar. This process helps the student learn how to write and read correctly.

Habit Formation

Finally, the Charlotte Mason method aims to establish habits in children that lead to character development. These habits include attentiveness, obedience, truthfulness, and respect for others. Parents play a significant role in the character-building process by modeling these habits and reinforcing them through daily activities and routines.

The Charlotte Mason method provides a holistic approach to education that nurtures the child’s mind, body, and soul. Homeschooling parents using this method prioritize living books, short lessons, narration, nature study, copywork, dictation, and habit formation. By emphasizing these key elements, children who use this method are well-equipped to embark on their journeys in lifelong learning.

A typical daily routine for a 3-6 year old child following the Charlotte Mason method might look something like this:

Morning routine:

  • Wake up and have breakfast with the family
  • Spend some time playing outside in nature
  • Participate in a morning basket routine, which includes a daily Bible reading, poetry or literature reading, and discussion of current events

Academic time:

  • Participate in oral narrations of books or stories read the previous day
  • Begin with a lesson on handwriting and letter formation, using a gentle, hands-on approach
  • Practice numeracy through counting activities, games, and hands-on manipulatives
  • Engage in short lessons on nature study, science, or geography through exploration and observation

Lunch and rest time:

  • Have lunch and a quiet time or nap
  • Spend some time outdoors, engaging in nature exploration or play

Afternoon routine:

  • Participate in additional academic lessons, such as music, art, or foreign language study
  • Spend time reading and exploring books or other learning materials
  • Work on creative projects or play activities that develop problem-solving and critical thinking skills
  • Have an end-of-day reflection time, discussing what was learned and evaluating progress

Throughout the day, frequent breaks and opportunities to get up and move around help keep young learning minds engaged and alert. Charlotte Mason approach values hands-on learning and a balance of physical and intellectual activity for young learners.

benefits and limitations of the Charlotte Mason method for homeschoolers

The Charlotte Mason method is a homeschooling philosophy that emphasizes a “gentle learning” approach that encourages a love of learning and personal responsibility. Here are some benefits and limitations of this method:


Emphasizes Literature-based learning: The Charlotte Mason method emphasizes reading and engaging with literature to enhance education, enabling students to form a comprehensive understanding of subject material.

Hands-on learning: The Charlotte Mason method emphasizes individual exploration and hands-on experience outside of the classroom to help develop cognitive skills while keeping students engaged.

Focus on the development of Good Habits: The Charlotte Mason method emphasizes the development of good habits alongside academic skills, helping students to form life-long habits of self-control, obedience, and good conduct.

Emphasis on Nature and the Outdoors: The Charlotte Mason method focuses on the natural world and emphasizes learning through direct, first-hand observation, sparking curiosity and fostering creativity.


Requires a high level of involvement: As the Charlotte Mason method is not reliant on textbooks/readings, parents need to be actively involved in sourcing materials and adapting the curriculum to suit their students’ needs.

Time-consuming: The Charlotte Mason method can be time-consuming for parents as it emphasizes reading, conversing, and hands-on learning outside of the classroom setting.

Lack of Structure: The Charlotte Mason method prioritizes a child’s natural curiosity, which means that there may be periods of little structure or spontaneity in the learning process.

May not suit every learning style: While the Charlotte Mason method can work for many varied learning styles, the lack of structure could make it challenging for students who require a more formalized approach to learning.

The Charlotte Mason method can be a valuable and highly effective tool for homeschoolers, as long as parents are able to commit to the philosophy’s methodology and adapt it to suit their students’ needs and learning styles.

tips for parents who are interested in incorporating aspects of the Charlotte Mason into their own homeschooling curriculum

  • Start with the basics: Familiarize yourself with Charlotte Mason’s philosophy and educational approach. Read her works and join discussion groups or communities to understand her principles better.
  • Focus on living books: Replace textbooks with engaging, narrative-based books that help children establish a connection with the real world. Look for works that uphold Mason’s ideals of imagination, creativity, and exploration.
  • Promote hands-on learning: Let kids engage in outdoor activities, explore nature, and participate in art and music projects. This keeps their minds active and their hands busy.
  • Emphasize narration and writing: Narration helps children to engage in critical thinking and to internalize knowledge. Encourage children to

Waldorf, Montessori, and Charlotte Mason homeschooling approaches all offer unique and effective ways of educating children. Each approach seeks to instill a love of learning, critical thinking skills, and a well-rounded education that prepares children for life. It’s important for parents to carefully consider their child’s individual needs, interests, and learning style when choosing a homeschooling approach. By doing so, they can provide a customized education that fosters their child’s full potential and helps them become lifelong learners.

learning resources you might find helpful in your classroom


About Anastasia

About Anastasia - Anastasia is an early childhood teacher and the founder of Montessori Nature - a blog about Montessori living and learning and nature-based explorations. With many years of experience working in a Montessori environment and homeschooling her children, she directed her passion for all things Montessori and nature into creating educational resources. You can learn more here and browse her printables on Teachers Pay Teachers.

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