Why Cursive Handwriting Is Crucial In Montessori Education: Enhancing Fine Motor Skills and Cognitive Development Free Printable Included

Montessori schools have been using cursive handwriting as the foundation for writing lessons for many years. This may seem unusual, as most schools begin with printing. However, there are several reasons why cursive comes first in Montessori education. Some argue that cursive is an outdated skill and should no longer be taught in schools, while others believe that it is still essential to a child’s development.

Print vs Cursive

The debate on whether to teach children handwriting print or cursive is a topic that has been discussed in the education field for many years. While there are valid arguments for both sides, ultimately, the choice comes down to personal preference and what works best for the individual classroom.

On one hand, advocates for teaching print argue that it is easier to learn and more accessible for students, as it is the most commonly used form of writing in the modern era. Additionally, many state tests and academic materials are written in print, meaning that it is essential for students to be well-versed in this form of writing.

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Print handwriting is easier to learn: Print letters are easier to learn for young children as they involve basic lines and shapes. It takes less time to understand and master print handwriting than cursive.

Better readability: Print handwriting is easier to read, not just for kids but for adults too. It is because print letters are straightforward and there is no extra flourish or connective strokes involved. Therefore, it is easier for readers to understand what is written.

Reduces fatigue: Cursive requires more fine motor control and hand and wrist movements that can lead to fatigue and discomfort. On the other hand, print letters involve less physical stress on the body, making it a better option for students who struggle to maintain stamina during long writing sessions.

Some argue that more and more people are adopting the use of digital communication, and there is less reason to teach cursive. Some people use cursive while others don’t, and as a result, it can create confusion. This confusion could be avoided if everyone focuses on using print handwriting.

On the other hand, proponents of cursive argue that it has numerous benefits beyond its aesthetic appeal. Research has shown that learning cursive can help improve fine motor skills, enhance memory retention, and increase overall focus and concentration. Additionally, many people argue that cursive writing can be more efficient than print once mastered, as it allows for faster note-taking and easier readability.

Ultimately, the decision on whether to teach handwriting print or cursive should be based on a combination of these factors, as well as the needs of individual students and teachers. Many schools opt to teach both forms of writing, allowing students to choose which style works best for them. Others may choose to focus exclusively on one style, depending on their curriculum and priorities.

Regardless of which style is chosen, it’s important to remember that handwriting remains an essential part of academic and professional success. By teaching students to write legibly and effectively, we are helping them build the foundational skills needed to succeed in a rapidly changing world.

Cursive Handwriting benefits

Montessori education emphasizes the importance of developing strong fine motor skills and cognitive abilities from an early age. Cursive handwriting provides a valuable tool for improving both of these areas. Cursive allows children to connect letters and words fluently, enhancing their reading and writing abilities. It also requires children to use small, precise movements, improving dexterity and hand-eye coordination. Furthermore, research has shown that cursive handwriting can stimulate the brain in unique ways, strengthening memory and cognition. In short, teaching cursive handwriting is a vital component of a Montessori education in promoting holistic skill development.

One of the main reasons is that cursive handwriting is a more natural movement for young children. Montessori educators believe that children have a natural inclination toward cursive handwriting because it flows more smoothly, providing a better connection between letters, and resulting in better penmanship. Moreover, cursive formation starts with one single, continuous stroke, reducing the difficulties with letter formation that printing can present.

In addition, cursive writing is an important aspect of Montessori’s language curriculum. Since grammar and punctuation can be explained with short, simple sentences, it is easier for children to learn the correct formation of letters by writing simple cursive words. Also, writing in cursive can help students develop a sense of rhythm and flow when writing, which they can carry into their other writing activities.

Another key reason why cursive comes first in Montessori education is that it helps to develop fine motor skills which are essential for children’s development. When children practice writing in cursive, they need to use intricate movements of the fingers, hands, and arms. This skill development goes beyond writing to help in areas such as coordination, balance, and dexterity. This can result in a child excelling in areas such as music and sports.

As a parent or teacher, you may have noticed that when a child writes in cursive, it looks different than when they write in print. This difference is not just in the appearance of their words, but there is actually an increase in neural activity when writing in cursive that can have benefits for memory retention and learning.

When a child writes in cursive, they must use both the left and right sides of their brain. This is because cursive writing requires a combination of fine motor skills and cognitive thinking. The left side of the brain is responsible for the fine motor skills needed to create letters, while the right side of the brain is responsible for the cognitive processes that help with memory retention and learning.

Studies have shown that cursive handwriting can help with memory retention and recall. This is because writing in cursive requires more focus and attention to detail than print writing. This increased focus and attention can help children better remember what they have written. In fact, studies have found that children who write in cursive have better memory retention and recall compared to those who write in print.

Additionally, cursive writing can also improve reading skills. This is because cursive handwriting helps children recognize letters more easily than print writing. When children learn to write in cursive, they also learn to connect letters, making it easier for them to recognize and read words.

Moreover, writing in cursive can also improve cognitive development. With the increase in neural activity, children who write in cursive are able to think more critically and creatively. They are also better able to express their thoughts and ideas on paper.

In some cases, it may be important for children to learn cursive, especially if they are interested in exploring historical documents or working in an industry where cursive writing is still necessary, such as calligraphy or graphic design. However, for most children, learning print handwriting is sufficient, and the benefits of doing so are numerous, as mentioned above.

Finally, the benefits of using cursive in Montessori schools do not stop in childhood. Research has shown that cursive writing engages more areas of the brain than printing or typing, leading to better reading and writing comprehension and greater focus. Furthermore, proponents of cursive argue that it helps to form cultural connections to history, art, and literature that are expressed through this careful and beautiful writing style.

Overall, there are many benefits to learning cursive handwriting. It can improve memory retention, reading skills, and cognitive development. While cursive writing is not as commonly taught as it once was, teachers and parents can still encourage children to learn this skill to help improve their overall learning and development.

The reasons why cursive writing comes first in Montessori schools are multifaceted. Cursive writing promotes natural movement, helps children develop fine motor skills, assists in language curriculum, and has long-term benefits. Montessori schools have always implemented various techniques to facilitate children’s development, and teaching cursive handwriting is an important part of that.

At what point is it most appropriate to introduce cursive writing to students?

If you are a parent or teacher wondering when to start teaching cursive handwriting to your children or students, there are a few factors to consider. The first is age. Most children will begin learning to write in print in kindergarten or first grade and typically begin learning cursive in the second or third grade.

Chances are that a child who is ready to learn cursive will have mastered printing letters without difficulty. However, if the child is still struggling to form legible letters in print, it may be best to hold off on teaching cursive until their printing skills improve.

The second factor to consider is the child’s interest and willingness to learn. Some children may find cursive writing difficult to grasp, while others may thrive on the challenge. It’s important to approach the teaching of cursive in a positive and supportive manner, while also recognizing that not all children will be equally enthusiastic about this skill.

Finally, it’s worth noting that while cursive handwriting can help children develop fine motor skills, many argue that the skill has become less relevant in today’s digital age. With the advent of computers, smartphones, and other electronic devices, many people now communicate primarily through typing rather than handwriting.

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to when to start teaching cursive handwriting to children. It’s important to consider a child’s age, interest, and skill level, as well as the relevance of the skill in today’s digital age. As with any skill, a positive, supportive approach to teaching and learning is key.

In our homeschool, right from the beginning, we introduced the cursive handwriting style to our children as a non-negotiable part of our homeschooling curriculum. Nevertheless, we always grant them the liberty to choose their preferred handwriting style when they engage in activities such as writing letters or signing cards during their leisure time.

How to begin teaching cursive handwriting to children the Montessori way

As mentioned earlier, many educators and researchers emphasize the benefits of teaching cursive handwriting to children, and the Montessori approach is well-regarded for imparting practical life skills through hands-on and interdisciplinary activities.

Here are some steps for introducing cursive handwriting to children in a Montessori learning environment:

  1. Prepare the Environment: Montessori classrooms are typically organized to promote independence, order, and beauty. Setting up a designated area for handwriting practice can signal to children that this is a special, intentional activity. Have plenty of materials available, including lined paper, pencils, erasers, and Montessori-specific tools like sandpaper letters or wooden moveable alphabets.
  2. Introduce the Mechanics: Children should first learn the basic formation of each letter, the correct stroke order, and the positioning on the lines. The Montessori method often uses tactile techniques to reinforce muscle memory and object recognition. For instance, children might trace the shapes of letters using sandpaper, or build them with wooden pieces.
  3. Emphasize Consistency and Refinement: Montessori-style education generally emphasizes mastery over time, rather than just moving on to new skills. Encourage children to practice regularly and strive for neatness, spacing, and consistency. Give constructive feedback and support children in making meaningful connections between letters and words.
  4. Go Beyond Worksheets: While worksheets can be a useful tool for practicing and reinforcing handwriting skills, Montessori educators often encourage a range of activities that integrate different subjects and interests. For example, children might write letters in the sandpit or create handwritten poems or stories. Explore different ways to make handwriting a fun and creative outlet for expression.
  5. Encourage Self-Assessment: Montessori-style learning often emphasizes self-assessment and self-correction as important skills. Provide opportunities for children to check their own work and identify areas for improvement. Encourage a growth mindset and celebrate progress over perfection.

Teaching cursive handwriting in a Montessori setting involves a combination of tactile learning, consistent practice, and creative exploration. By fostering a love of beautiful handwriting and a mastery mentality, children can develop important skills that will serve them well throughout their education and beyond.

Cursive letters – letter formation practice, DIY textured letters template

Cursive alphabet diy textured letters montessori nature free printable language arts learning to write

How to make DIY textured letters:


  • Cardstock paper
  • Scissors
  • Fabric paint in the desired colors – I recommend using Montessori preferred colors pink for consonants and blue for vowels.
  • Plastic squeeze bottle with fine tip nozzle


  1. Begin by downloading the cursive letters printables
  2. Print on cardstock and cut cards
  3. Squeeze the fabric paint onto cards following cursive letter strokes
  4. Or use the paintbrush to apply a thick layer of fabric paint onto the cardstock letters. Be sure to spread the paint evenly and cover all areas of the letters.
  5. Allow the fabric paint to dry completely. This may take several hours or overnight.
  6. Once dry, gently test the paint with your fingers
  7. Use the textured cursive letters in Montessori activities and learning exercises.

To use this printable for practicing letter formal with a pencil or dry-erase marker, print consonant cards on pink-colored paper and vowel cards on blue-colored paper. Cut cards and laminate if you wish to reuse them with a dry-erase marker.

Start with basic strokes: Before teaching children how to form cursive letters, it’s important to begin by teaching them the basic pen strokes that form the letters. For example, teach children how to form upward and downward strokes, slanted strokes, and loops.

Introduce cursive letters one by one: It’s best to start with a few letters at a time and then gradually introduce more. Begin with letters that are easy to write, such as the lowercase c, a, and d.

Trace the letters using textured cards: Encourage children to trace the letters using the textured cards with their index fingers. This will help them to remember the direction and shape of each letter.

Give plenty of practice: Children need lots of repetition to master cursive letter formation. Provide them with plenty of opportunities to practice writing the letters, such as using this free cursive alphabet printable for coloring. Have them color the letters and then trace them.

Monitor children’s progress: Pay attention to children’s writing as they practice and offer feedback and support as needed. Encourage children to keep practicing until they have mastered all of the letters.

Be patient and nurturing: Learning cursive writing is a skill that takes time and patience. Encourage children to practice and celebrate their successes along the way. With enough practice, children can develop a beautiful and legible cursive handwriting style.

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About Anastasia - Anastasia is an early childhood teacher and the founder of Montessori Nature - a blog about Montessori living and learning and nature-based explorations. With many years of experience working in a Montessori environment and homeschooling her children, she directed her passion for all things Montessori and nature into creating educational resources. You can learn more here and browse her printables on Teachers Pay Teachers.