Exploring the Fascinating World of Mushrooms: A Guide to Their Life Cycle, Parts, and Types for Kids with Printable Resources

Mushrooms have always been a fascinating subject for kids due to their unique appearance and magical qualities. They belong to a separate kingdom of organisms called fungi that are essential to the health of our planet. In this post, we will explore the world of mushrooms and their life cycle, parts, and different types. We will also provide some printable resources to make learning about mushrooms fun and engaging for kids.

About Mushrooms for Children

Mushrooms are an amazing group of organisms that play an essential role in our environment. They are neither plants nor animals but rather belong to the kingdom Fungi. With their unique appearance and interesting life cycle, mushrooms have captured the imagination of people for centuries.

In this guide, we will explore the world of mushrooms, their life cycle, parts, and types for kids. We will also provide you with printable resources that you can use to learn more about these amazing organisms.

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The Life Cycle of Mushrooms

Did you know that there are over 10,000 known species of mushrooms? While some are edible and delicious, others can be highly toxic and even deadly. Mushrooms are also a great source of vitamin D and contain antioxidants that can help boost your immune system. They come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, from the classic white button mushroom to the vibrant and exotic shiitake mushroom. Mushroom cultivation has been around for thousands of years, with evidence of its use dating back to ancient Egyptian and Chinese civilizations.

Mushrooms have an interesting life cycle that starts with a tiny spore. These spores are dispersed by the wind and can land on soil, wood, or other organic matter. If conditions are favorable, the spore will germinate and grow into a thread-like structure called mycelium.

The mycelium can grow for years, spreading through the soil or wood, breaking down organic matter, and absorbing nutrients. When conditions are right, the mycelium will form a fruiting body, which is what we commonly refer to as a mushroom.

The fruiting body contains spores, which are released into the environment to start the cycle anew. Some mushrooms only produce one fruiting body, while others can produce many over the course of their lifetime.

It’s important to note that not all mushrooms are safe to eat, and some can be poisonous. It’s always best to consult an expert or guidebook before consuming any wild mushrooms. With proper precautions, however, mushroom hunting can be a fun and rewarding activity, and a great way to appreciate the fascinating life cycle of these unique organisms.

Parts of a Mushroom

Mushrooms have several distinct parts that are essential to their function. The cap is the top part of the mushroom and is responsible for producing spores. The stem is the long, thin structure that supports the cap. It also contains mycelium, which is the part of the mushroom that absorbs nutrients from the soil.

The gills are the thin, vertical structures that are located underneath the cap. They are responsible for producing and releasing spores. Some mushrooms have pores instead of gills, which are tiny openings located on the underside of the cap.

Types of Mushrooms

There are many different types of mushrooms, each with its unique characteristics and features. Some of the most common types of mushrooms include:

Button mushrooms: These are the most commonly cultivated mushrooms and are often found in grocery stores.

Shiitake mushrooms: These are large, meaty mushrooms with a rich flavor. They are often used in Asian cuisine.

Portobello mushrooms: These are large, flat mushrooms that are often used as a meat substitute in vegetarian dishes.

Morel mushrooms: These are prized for their unique, earthy flavor and are often found in gourmet dishes.

Chanterelle mushrooms: These are funnel-shaped with distinctive ridges and a fruity flavor. They are often used in French cuisine.

Mushroom themed hands-on explorations

Here are some ideas for exploring mushrooms with children:

  • Start with a mushroom display: Collect a variety of mushrooms and create a display for the children to observe. You can talk about the different shapes, colors and sizes of mushrooms. Only use safe mushrooms.
  • Learn about the mushroom life cycle: Mushrooms have a unique life cycle that is different from plants and animals. You can use models or illustrations to show the stages of the mushroom life cycle, including the spore, mycelium, fruiting body, cap, and gills. Children can learn about how mushrooms reproduce and spread.
  • Sensory exploration: Set up a sensory bin with different types of mushrooms, soil, moss, and other natural materials for children to touch and examine. This can help younger children learn about the different textures and shapes of mushrooms.
  • Cooking with mushrooms: Many types of mushrooms are delicious and can be used in cooking. You can engage children in cooking activities with mushrooms, discussing the different varieties and flavors. Be mindful of allergies and dietary requirements when cooking with mushrooms.
  • Safety: Be sure to discuss the importance of safe mushroom handling with children. Teach them how to identify safe mushrooms and warn them not to touch or eat any mushrooms unless they are with a responsible adult who knows which mushrooms are safe.

Teaching children about mushrooms can be an engaging and educational experience, helping them appreciate the diversity of nature and learn about the science behind it.

mushroom learning pack

You are invited to download the mushroom pack – learning printables for preschool and kindergarten children. Use this resource with clear true-to-life images to create hands-on science activities for your students. Children will learn the unique stages of the mushroom life cycle, practice sequencing skills, and work to improve their concentration and fine motor skills. This resource will be helpful when exploring the forest unit, setting up autumn learning activities, and introducing the students to living things in the natural world.

This Mushroom printable features six stages of the life cycle. What a fun learning opportunity for preschool and kindergarten students as they can work on sequencing skills, learn about the processes that take place in nature, and develop deeper concentration. It’s a great resource to add to your Fall and Forest Units.

It contains 3 part cards, a blackline printout for cutting/pasting and coloring, along with a colorful poster.

Here is what’s included:

  • Mushroom life cycle poster
  • Mushroom life cycle 3 part cards
  • Mushroom life cycle coloring, cutting, and pasting worksheet
  • Mushroom life cycle tracing strips
  • Parts of a mushroom poster
  • Parts of a mushroom poster minus labels
  • Parts of a mushroom labels
  • Parts of a mushroom tracing & independent writing

Age: Preschool ages 3 – 6 years

Subjects and uses in the classroom: Woodland, Forest, Nature Table, Science Centers, Fine motor, Prewriting

This printable features true-to-life images of each stage of the mushroom life cycle. It is quite fascinating really.

In addition to using the set of 3-part cards for teaching vocabulary, you may decide to secure control cards (labeled pictures) with pegs and hang them to display. Alternatively, place them on your nature table for children to explore, build the life cycle sequence and retell the stages using new vocabulary.

Invite your students to make their My Book of Mushroom Life Cycle booklet or work with the blackline worksheet included in the printable.

You may like to bring a couple of mushrooms from a store for children to:

  • examine with a magnifying glass,
  • pull them apart to learn parts of a mushroom,
  • draw them or
  • make a salad.

Mushroom Salad Recipe


  • 1 cup diced mushrooms
  • 1 cup diced tomatoes
  • 1 cup diced cucumbers
  • 1/2 cup diced red onions
  • 1/4 cup chopped fresh basil
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons balsamic vinegar
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Instruct children to begin by washing their hands well before handling any of the ingredients.
  2. Provide each child with a small bowl to mix their salad.
  3. Assist the children in adding the diced mushrooms, tomatoes, cucumbers, and red onions to their bowl.
  4. Have the children mix the ingredients together using a spoon or their hands.
  5. Instruct the children to add the chopped basil to the salad and mix it in.
  6. Assist each child in drizzling olive oil and balsamic vinegar over their salad.
  7. Remind the children to add salt and pepper to taste.
  8. Allow the children to enjoy their delicious mushroom salad in the classroom as a healthy snack or light lunch option.

Exploring the world of mushrooms can be a fun and educational experience for kids. By understanding their life cycle, parts, and types, children can appreciate these fascinating organisms even more. Learning about mushrooms can also lead to an interest in biology and nature, encouraging them to explore the world around them. With the help of the printable resources provided, kids can have a hands-on approach to their mushroom exploration and learning. Let’s continue to encourage our children to discover the wonders of the natural world.

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other resources you might find helpful in your classroom

About Anastasia - Anastasia is an early childhood teacher and the founder of Montessori Nature - a blog about Montessori living and learning and nature-based explorations. With many years of experience working in a Montessori environment and homeschooling her children, she directed her passion for all things Montessori and nature into creating educational resources. You can learn more here and browse her printables on Teachers Pay Teachers.

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